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BIOLOGICAL ACTIVITIES FOR EXTRACTS OF TAXUS BREVIFOLIA

 

1)      Taxus brevifolia dried cortex – Cytotoxic activity – cell culture- concentration used
     1.0 ppm/ leukemia L1210, active – 99% inhibition.

2)      Taxus brevifolia dried leaf – Cytotoxic activity – cell culture- concentration used
     1.0 ppm/leukemia L1210, active –99% inhibition.

3)      Taxus brevifolia dried twig – Cytotoxic activity – cell culture –concentration used
     1.0 ppm/leukemia L1210, active 99% inhibition.

Source- A Study On the Biological Activity of Taxus spp.

             Kim,T.H.: Korean Journal of Pharmacognosy 21-2, 142-147 (1990)

             College of Pharmacology

             Sookmyung Women’s University – Seoul, Korea

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1)      Taxus brevifolia stembark – Antitumor Activity

Ethanol (95%) – IP – mouse – dose not stated – leukemia L1210- active.

2)      Taxus brevifolia stembark – Antitumor Activity

Ethanol (95%) –IP – mouse – dose not stated – leukemia  P388 – active

3)      Taxus brevifolia stembark – Cytotoxic Activity

Ethanol (95%) – cell culture – Ed 50<20.0 mcg/ml – carcinoma 9KB – active

      Source – Plant Antitumor Agents

           Wani, M.C.:  Taylor, HL; Wall, ME;  Coggon, P;  Phail, AT

            Journal American Chemcial Society 93:2325-2327 (1971)

            Research Triangle Institute, North Carolina, USA

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Taxus brevifolia – dried stembark

1)      Antitumor activity – ethanol (95%) – IP- mouse- dose not stated –

      leukemia P388, active

2)      Antitumor activity – ethanol (95%) – IP – mouse –dose not stated –

melanoma B16, active

3)      Antitumor activity – ethanol (95%) – IP – rat – dose not stated-

      sarcoma WM256 (1m) – active

4)      Cytotoxic activity – ethanol (95%) – cell culture ED50  8.9 mcg/ml –

carcinoma 9KB – active

5)      Cytotoxic activity – ethanol (95%) – cell culture  -ED50 <1.0 mcg/ml-

carcinoma 9KB – active

6)      Cytotoxic activity – ethanol (95%) – IP – mouse – dose not stated-

leukemia L1210 – active

      Source – KB Cell Culture. Role in Discovery of Antitumor Agents from

                    Higher Plants

                    Perdue, J.R.: Journal of Natural Products 45-4, 418-426 (1982)

              ARS USDA    Beltsville, MD, USA

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“In the first phase of the study, collections of a number of Taxus species were made by the USDA during 1965 and 1966 which included T. baccata L., (European yew),

T. cuspidata Sieb. and Zucc. (Japanese yew), T. globosa Schlect. (Mexican yew),

T. floridiana Nutt. (Florida yew), T. canadensis Marsh. (Canadian yew or ground yew), and examples of the main ornamental hybrids T. x media Rehd. (the cross of

T. baccata and T. cuspidata), and T. x hunnewelliana Rehd. (the cross of T. cuspidata and T. canadensis).   The initial analyses were done for biological activity, particularly cytotoxicity toward KB cells, and none of these samples had better levels of activity than Pacific Yew.

Source – (Suffness, (1995), Taxol Science and Applications, page 9)

 

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